Kultureline INTL
on June 3, 2014 372 views
BRIEF DESCRIPTION

CULTURAL LAKE TITICACA/ISLAND OF THE MOON AND SUN
Culturally, Incas believe that moon is the female counterpart of the sun, so both island of the moon and the sun are of great importance in their culture. They believed, from the island of the moon the Inca god Viracocha commanded the moon to rise into the sky after the sun was created. Nowadays, because of the cultural significance of both, no pilgrimage to any of them is complete without other. Most of the time, any pilgrimage that start from Isla de la Luna usually ends in the Isla del Sol. And any from Isla del Sol undoubtedly, usually ends in Isla de la Luna. Both islands are inseparable parts of Lake Titicaca.

Lake Titicata, popularly known Islas Uros, is originally known as Khota Mamma or Mother Lake. It was renamed Titicaca after the Spanish conquest. It lies at the northern edge of the Altiplano, or highlands, straddling the Bolivia-Peru border. This mystical birthplace of the Inca Empire has intense blue water that is sacred to many cultures and serves as the cradle of Andean civilization.

In the southern part of the Lake are two islands of unique importance to Andean history: the Island of the Sun and the Island of the Moon. The beautiful and tranquil Island of the Sun is littered with Inca ruins and Yumani perches on the island ridge and enjoys superb views across the Island of the Moon to the Cordillera Real beyond. The Incas revered these islands and built religious shrines and facilities on both, converting them into a great pilgrimage destination and shrine complex. The lake has two sections: the smaller southern section, known as Wiñay Marka or Eternal City is comparatively shallow. The Island is said to be constructed by Uros in an attempt to escape the brutality of Spanish forced labor and carrying on the traditions of their ancestors which consists of: Uros fishing, birds hunting, plying the lake’s waters in traditional reed boats made of lashed-together bundles of totora amonst many others.

Ecologically, the island is made of a delicate patchwork of steep fields and terraces of different hues of green, yellow and brown, criss-crossed by stone terraces and zigzagging walls tumbling down to sand beaches and the lake’s intense blueness. Inca emperors usually visit the island each year and stay at the palace of Pilko Kaina in the south, close to the island’s largest community of Yumani. Some tourist climbs Incas steps to Yumani and beside Yumani there is spring water that cascade down the Inca Fountain. The ruins of the Chincana labyrinth hug the island’s northern tip as the Sacred Rock marked the conclusion of Inca pilgrimage. With serene environment, historic atmosphere, mythological experience and spiritual goose bumps, this sacred Island is evergreen to visitors.

FOR FURTHER READING. GO TO:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GIZ6Ax9L-ns
http://www.vivatravelguides.com/south-america/bolivia/bolivia-articles/lake-titicaca-and-the-island-o/
http://www.vivatravelguides.com/south-america/bolivia/bolivia-articles/offerings-to-pachamama-on-sun/
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