Kultureline INTL
on May 31, 2014 483 views

Mount Everest is one of the most popular world geographical tourism. It is the earth's highest mountain and it peaks at (29,029 ft, [8,848 metres] above sea level. It is located in Himalayas at the Mahalangur section. The international border between Nepal and China runs across the summit point.

Its massif includes neighboring peaks Lhotse (8516 m), Changtse (7580 m) and Nuptse (7855 m). In 1856, the Great Trigonometric Survey of British India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 ft (8,840 m). In 1865,

Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. Waugh named the mountain after his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest. Although Tibetans had called Everest "Chomolungma" for centuries, Waugh was unaware of this because Nepal and Tibet were closed to foreigners. EVEREST CLIMBING ROUTES: Mt. Everest has two main climbing routes, the southeast ridge from Nepal and the northeast ridge from Tibet, as well as many other less frequently climbed routes.[32] Of the two main routes, the southeast ridge is technically easier and is the more frequently used route. It was the route used by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 and the first recognized of fifteen routes to the top by 1996.[32] This was, however, a route decision dictated more by politics than by design as the Chinese border was closed to the western world in the 1950s after the People's Republic of China invaded Tibet.[33] Most attempts are made during May before the summer monsoon season. As the monsoon season approaches, a change in the jet stream at this time pushes it northward, thereby reducing the average wind speeds high on the mountain.

While attempts are sometimes made after the monsoons in September and October, when the jet stream is again temporarily pushed northward, the additional snow deposited by the monsoons and the less stable weather patterns (tail end of the monsoon) makes climbing extremely difficult.

FOR FURTHER READING/VIEW, GO TO: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Everest
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